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Substance Abuse Services

Health Risks

Alcohol 
Physical DependenceModerate
Pysychological DependenceModerate
ToleranceYes
Possible Short-Term EffectsSlurred speech, disorientation, drunken behavior
Possible Long-Term EffectsLowered resistance to disease/illness. increased risk of ulcers, heart disease & cancers of the liver, mouth, throat and stomach, increased risk of violence & injury
Overdose EffectsShallow respiration, clammy skin, dilated pupils, weak or rapid pulse, coma, possible death

 

Marijuana
Physical DependencePossible
Pysychological DependencePossible
ToleranceYes
Possible Short-Term EffectsEuphoria, relaxed inhibitions, increased appetite, distorted time perception, disorientation 
Possible Long-Term EffectsRespiratory problems, increased risk of obstructed airways, lung infections, and cancer of the respiratory tract and lungs
Overdose EffectsFatigue, paranoia, possible psychosis

 

Nicotine
Physical DependenceHigh
Pysychological DependencePossible
ToleranceYes
Possible Short-Term EffectsIncreased excitation, euphoria, dilated pupils, increased pulse rate & blood pressure, insomnia, appetite loss
Possible Long-Term EffectsChronic lung disease, heart disease, stroke, cancer of the lungs, larynx, esophagus, mouth, bladder, cervix, pancreas & kidneys 
Overdose EffectsChronic lung disease, heart disease, stroke, cancer of the lungs, larynx, esophagus, mouth, bladder, cervix, pancreas & kidneys 

 

Stimulants
Physical DependenceHigh
Pysychological DependenceHigh
ToleranceYes
Possible Short-Term EffectsIncreased wakefulness and physical activity and decreased appetite 
Possible Long-Term EffectsViolence, anxiety, confusion, insomnia. Possible paranoia, delusions, auditory hallucinations, and mood disturbances 
Overdose EffectsCan be lethal. Death can be caused by convulsions, circulatory & respiratory collapse & high body temperature 

 

Hallucinogens
Physical DependencePossible
Pysychological DependenceNo
ToleranceYes
Possible Short-Term EffectsIllusions & hallucinations, poor perception of time and distance 
Possible Long-Term EffectsPossible flashbacks, where aspects of the drug experience recur without taking the drug. Longlasting psychosis possible. 
Overdose EffectsLonger, more intense “trip” episodes, psychosis, possible death 

 

Depressants
Physical DependenceHigh
Pysychological DependenceHigh
ToleranceYes
Possible Short-Term EffectsSlurred speech, disorientation, drunken-like behavior without odor of alcohol 
Possible Long-Term EffectsLong-term use also can lead to increased tolerance and physical addiction.
Overdose Effects Shallow respirations, clammy skin, dilated pupils, weak and rapid pulse, coma and possible death 

 

Inhalants
Physical DependenceLow/Unknown
Pysychological DependencePossible
ToleranceYes
Possible Short-Term EffectsSlurred speech, impaired coordination, euphoria, dizziness, possible hallucinations & delusions 
Possible Long-Term EffectsKidney abnormalities (glue or paint inhalation), liver damage from solvent or toluene use, memory& attention impairment, decreased non-verbal intelligence
Overdose Effects  Death possible from heart failure, asphyxiation, or aspiration

 

Narcotics
Physical DependenceHigh
Pysychological DependenceHigh
ToleranceYes
Possible Short-Term EffectsEuphoria, drowsiness, respiratory depression, constricted pupils, nausea
Possible Long-Term EffectsAIDS from needle use, reduced sex drive, drug impurities, limited vision, menstrual irregularity, chronic constipation, mood swings, breathing & heart problems, tremors, seizures, restlessness
Overdose Effects Slow and shallow breathing, clammy skin, convulsions, coma, possible death